Overview of Possible FASB Changes in Non-Profit Reporting Rules

The Financial Accounting Standards Board recently evaluated the way in which non-profit organizations report their financial information and is seeking to make changes that would enable charities to provide more accurate financial information to the general public.

To start with, FASB board members have created a draft document that can be used as a formal operating measure to evaluate any organization that is set up to serve the public good.

The two main factors that will be evaluated using the new operating measure are mission and timing. All funds spent in direct relation with an organization’s main mission would be counted towards its operating measure. Unused yet accessible donations would also be included in this measure.

If donations are restricted, then these funds would not be included in the operating measure. Donations which are not available by the end of a reporting period would also not count until they are available. However, it is unclear as of yet whether this last rule covers only monetary donations or donations of assets as well.

There are a number of good reasons for these changes. Charities and other NGO’s have recently expressed a need to find a better way to provide financial information to donors and the general public. Charities are very different from businesses and so need to explain their financial standing in a way that is vastly different from how the average business would provide financial information.

Donors and those charged with governing non-profit organizations are also interested in learning more about how any given charity uses its funds. One of the main concerns relates to how much money is being spent on a charity’s mission operational costs. Regulators and donors also want to know whether or not a charity is putting some of its funds in long term investments that could potentially generate even more funds for the charity’s mission.

Besides changing the way in which financial statements are done, the FASB is also looking into the possibility of allowing charities to provide not only financial information but also comments regarding various donations, expenses, etc. Such an allowance would be similar to the SEC filings provided by regular companies and would provide further insight into how the charity is managing its money.

The above mentioned proposals are in the draft stage and the general public will be able to see them once they have been finalized.

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